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21.03.2006 – 16:08

KPMG International LLP

Canadian Business Costs Lowest Among G7 Countries, Reports KPMG

    Toronto, Canada (ots/PRNewswire)

    - Study Says Canada Maintains Cost Advantage Over US Despite Rising  Dollar

TORONTO, Canada, March 21 /PRNewswire/ --

    Canada leads the G7 countries as the most cost- effective location for  business, according to a 2006 study that compares business costs in nine  industrial countries in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific. Canada  ranked second out of the nine countries examined, with business costs  approximately 5.5 percent below those in the United States.

    Singapore is the overall leader among the countries studied, with business costs approximately 22.3 percent below those in the United States.  According to KPMG's study, Competitive Alternatives: KPMG's Guide to  International Business Costs, Japan and Germany rank as the most expensive  countries in which to do business.

    The study results were determined using recent exchange rates, with the  Canadian dollar valued at US85.2 cents (C$1.1735 per US$). "Even with the  strong appreciation of the Canadian dollar relative to the U.S. currency,  Canada continues to have a cost advantage relative to the United States,"  says Mark MacDonald, a director in KPMG's Advisory practice. "The Canadian  dollar would have to rise in value by approximately 13 percent, almost to  par with the U.S., to bring Canadian cities to a breakeven position with  the U.S. in terms of overall business costs. While this would vary from  city-to-city and business-to-business, this is still positive news overall  for Canada."

    KPMG's 2006 Competitive Alternatives study measured 27 cost components  - including labour, taxes, real estate, and utilities - as applied to  business operations in nine countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy,  Japan, the Netherlands, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States . The research included an analysis of these costs in 128 cities worldwide.  The study's basis for comparison was the after-tax cost of startup and  operation for 17 types of business, over a 10-year planning horizon.

    For larger cities in Canada, Edmonton and Montréal rank as those with  the greatest cost advantages relative to the United States. While costs in  Toronto and Vancouver are the highest within Canada, and on par with such  low-cost U.S. cities as Atlanta and Tampa, these cities do still offer  significant cost advantages over most of the large US cities included in  the study. Among the smaller cities examined, Canadian cities generally  continue to offer lower cost structures than equivalent U.S. cities, even  after allowing for the higher value of the Canadian dollar since 2004.

    "The advantage seen for many of the Canadian cities relative to the U.S . is generally the result of combination of lower labour costs, including  lower employer costs for private medical coverage, lower real estate costs,  and lower electricity costs in Canada than in the United States, where  deregulation has seen electric costs soar in many regions." KPMG's Mark  MacDonald stated. "Various federal and provincial tax cuts over the last  decade have also made Canada's tax system more competitive with the U.S.,  and have contributed to the positive position of the Canadian cities," MacDonald concluded.

              Comparison of Cost Indices Among Selected Cities in Canada
                    City                                                          Cost Index
                    Sherbrooke, QC                                                    90.1
                    Moncton, NB                                                         91.1
                    Charlottetown, PEI                                              91.7
                    Halifax, NS                                                         92.2
                    Quebec City, QC                                                  92.6
                    Saskatoon, SK                                                      92.8
                    Edmonton                                                              93.3
                    Chilliwack, BC                                                    94.0
                    Winnipeg, MB                                                        94.1
                    Montreal, QB                                                        94.3
                    St. John's, NF                                                    94.3
                    Waterloo Region, ON                                            94.3
                    Calgary, AB                                                         94.7
                    Ottawa, ON                                                          95.1
                    Toronto, ON                                                         96.5
                    Vancouver, BC                                                      96.9
                 (x) Source: KPMG's 2006 Competitive Alternatives Study
      (x) Business Costs are expressed as an index with the United States being
            assigned a baseline index of 100.0. A cost index less than 100
            indicates lower costs than the US. A cost index greater than 100
            indicates higher costs than the US. For example, an index number of
            95.0 represents a 5.0% cost advantage relative to the US. Cost index
            is determined by averaging variables from various industries and
      Canada and International Comparison
      Canada ranks second overall and first among the G7 countries for low
      business costs, with a cost advantage of 5.5 percent over the United
      Combining salary and wage costs along with all benefits, total labour
      costs are lowest in Singapore, followed by Canada. However, expressed as
      a percentage of payroll, benefit costs in Canada are lower than in any of
      the other countries studied.
      Industrial facility costs, including land purchase and factory
      construction costs, are lowest in Canada, followed by Italy, the United
      States, and France.
      Canada, along with the United Kingdom and France, are the countries that
      offer the greatest tax incentives to encourage research and development
      (R&D) activities.
      Canada offers the lowest electricity costs among all countries studied.
      Other Countries
      Singapore ranks first among the countries studied, with business costs
      22.3 percent lower than in the United States. With GDP per capita now on
      par with some western European nations, Singapore is the first newly
      industrialized country to be included in Competitive Alternatives.
      France and Netherlands ranks third and fourth respectively, with overall
      business costs lower than in all other European countries, and a cost
      advantage of approximately 4.4 percent over the US.
      Italy and the United Kingdom rank fifth and sixth respectively, with
      business costs approximately 2 percent below the seventh ranked United
      Japan and Germany were the most costly places to set businesses, with
      business costs approximately 7 percent higher than in the United States.
      Singapore, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands offer relatively low
      effective corporate income tax rates for the widest ranges of operations.
      Office leasing costs are lowest in Italy, followed by Germany, and the
      (x) Source: KPMG's 2006 Competitive Alternatives Study

    International rankings and relative cost indices are illustrated in the  following chart. The benchmark cost index (U.S. (equal sign) 100) is  defined as the average of nine representative U.S. cities.

                                          2006 Rankings by Country
                        Country                    Cost Index                  Rank
                        Singapore                      77.7                          1
                        Canada                          94.5                          2
                        France                          95.6                          3
                        Netherlands                  95.7                          4
                        Italy                            97.8                          5
                        United Kingdom              98.1                          6
                        United States              100.0                          7
                        Japan                          106.9                          8
                        Germany                        107.4                          9
                    Source: KPMG's 2006 Competitive Alternatives Study

    To access copies of the full report, please go to

    About Competitive Alternatives

    KPMG's 2006 Competitive Alternatives study provides an independent comparison of international business location costs in 128 cities around  the world. The study enables businesses executives to take a quick, initial  scan of how business costs compare among a variety of cities in leading  industrialized countries. It also assists KPMG professionals and economic  developers in their work with businesses considering relocation, and  enables policy makers to help determine the impact of a proposed tax and/or  incentive policy change on the cost-competitiveness of their jurisdiction  in relation to others.

    The study is available online at

    About KPMG in Canada

    KPMG LLP is the Canadian member firm of KPMG International, the global  network of professional services firms whose aim is to turn knowledge into  value for the benefit of their clients, people and the capital markets.  With nearly 94,000 people worldwide, KPMG member firms provide industry- focused audit, tax, and advisory services from more than 717 cities in 148  countries.

    KPMG assists clients as they consider expanding, relocating or consolidating their business activities. More than 100 KPMG professionals  throughout the world offer a variety of global location and expansion  services, ranging from strategic planning, to site analysis, to determining  the availability of business incentives.

    KPMG's Canadian Web site is located at

ots Originaltext: KPMG International LLP
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For further information: Media Contacts: Sharon Godsell, Media
Relations, KPMG, +1-(416)-777-3533,; Julie
Bannerjea, Senior Manager, Media Relations, KPMG, +1-(416)-777-3243,

Original content of: KPMG International LLP, transmitted by news aktuell

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