BMO Financial Group

BMO Financial Group Reports Net Income of $5.35 Billion, up 16%, for Fiscal 2017

Toronto (ots/PRNewswire) - Financial Results Highlights:

Fourth Quarter 2017 Compared with Fourth Quarter 2016:

- Net income of $1,227 million, down 9%; adjusted net income[1] of 
  $1,309 million, down 6%
- EPS[2] of $1.81, down 10%; adjusted EPS[1],[2] of $1.94, down 8%
- Reported and adjusted net income includes elevated reinsurance 
  claims of $112 million, which reduced EPS[2] by $0.17 and net 
  income growth by approximately 8%
- ROE of 12.1%, compared with 13.8%; adjusted ROE[1] of 12.9%, 
  compared with 14.4%
- Provision for credit losses of $208 million, compared with $174 
  million  
- Common Equity Tier 1 Ratio of 11.4%  
- Dividend increased $0.03, up 3% from the prior quarter  

Fiscal 2017 Compared with Fiscal 2016:

- Net income of $5,350 million, up 16%; adjusted net income[1] of 
  $5,508 million, up 10%
- EPS[2] of $7.92, up 14%; adjusted EPS[1],[2] of $8.16, up 9%
- ROE of 13.3%, compared with 12.1%; adjusted ROE[1] of 13.7%, 
  compared with 13.1%
- Provision for credit losses of $774 million, compared with $815 
  million; specific provision for credit losses of $850 million, 
  compared with $815 million  
- Dividend increased $0.05, up 6% from the prior year  

For the fourth quarter ended October 31, 2017, BMO Financial Group (TSX:BMO) (NYSE:BMO) recorded net income of $1,227 million or $1.81 per share on a reported basis, and net income of $1,309 million or $1.94 per share on an adjusted basis.

"BMO finished the year with strong performance, delivering record annual adjusted earnings of $5.5 billion, up 10% from last year, and earnings per share of $8.16. Earnings growth reflects the benefit of our diversified business mix, including continued momentum in the U.S. segment, which has achieved 13% compound growth over the last two years on a U.S dollar basis, contributing 25% or $1.4 billion to bank earnings," said Darryl White, Chief Executive Officer, BMO Financial Group.

"We are making good progress against our financial and strategic objectives. In 2017, we delivered positive adjusted net operating leverage of 1.9% building on the 2.1% achieved last year and leading to an improvement in the adjusted net efficiency ratio of 240 bps since 2015. We did so while investing more in digital capabilities, providing customers with innovative products and services. We improved the CET 1 Ratio to 11.4% and, at the same time, grew our business and returned earnings to our shareholders through higher dividends and share buybacks.

"We start 2018 from a position of strength, with diversified and competitively advantaged businesses, a team of highly engaged, customer-focused employees and a solid technology and data foundation. I am confident that we will build on these core capabilities to accelerate growth, improve efficiency and drive customer loyalty. We are well-positioned to capture the opportunities in an evolving market environment and deliver sustainable profitability going forward," concluded Mr. White.

(1) Results and measures in this document are presented on a GAAP basis. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes the impact of certain items. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and are detailed for all reported periods in the Non-GAAP Measures section, where such non-GAAP measures and their closest GAAP counterparts are disclosed.



(1)  Results and measures in this document are presented on a 
GAAP
basis. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that 
excludes
the impact of certain items. Adjusted results and measures 
are
non-GAAP and are detailed for all reported periods in the 
Non-GAAP
Measures section, where such non-GAAP measures and their 
closest
GAAP counterparts are disclosed.

(2)  All Earnings per Share (EPS) measures in this document refer
to
diluted EPS unless specified otherwise. EPS is calculated 
using
net income after deductions for net income attributable to
non-controlling interest in subsidiaries and preferred share
dividends.

Note: All ratios and percentage changes in this document are 
based on unrounded
numbers. 

Net income in the fourth quarter of 2017 included elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million resulting largely from the impact of hurricanes Irma, Maria and Harvey, which reduced net income growth by approximately 8%. The weaker U.S. dollar reduced net income growth by 1%. Reported results included a $41 million after-tax restructuring charge as we continue to accelerate the use of technology to enhance customer experience and focus on driving operational efficiencies.

Concurrent with the release of results, BMO announced a first quarter 2018 dividend of $0.93 per common share, up $0.03 per share and 3% from the preceding quarter and up $0.05 per share and 6% from a year ago. The quarterly dividend of $0.93 per common share is equivalent to an annual dividend of $3.72 per common share.

Return on tangible common equity (ROTCE) was 14.8% compared with 17.2 % in the prior year, and adjusted ROTCE was 15.5% compared with 17.5%.

BMO's 2017 audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying management discussion & analysis (MD&A), is available online at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations and at http://www.sedar.com.

Operating Segment Overview for the Fourth Quarter of 2017

Canadian P&C

Reported net income of $624 million increased $36 million or 6% and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, of $625 million increased $37 million or 6% from a year ago due to higher balances across most products, higher net interest margin and higher non-interest revenue, partially offset by higher expenses and an increased provision for credit losses.

During the quarter, in partnership with Ryerson University's DMZ, we provided five startups with an opportunity to further develop and scale their technologies through the DMZ-BMO Fintech Accelerator Program. This program shows our commitment to build capabilities and enhance service offerings for our customers through innovation.

U.S. P&C

Reported net income of $280 million and adjusted net income of $291 million both decreased 3% from a year ago due to the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets.

Reported net income of US$222 million and adjusted net income of US$231 million both increased $5 million or 2% compared to a year ago mainly due to higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, partially offset by loan spread compression and higher expenses.

This quarter, we successfully completed the integration of BMO Transportation Finance. In addition, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation released its annual deposit market share report and we maintained our second place rankings in the Chicago and Milwaukee markets and our fourth place ranking within our core footprint, which includes Illinois, Kansas, Wisconsin, Missouri, Indiana, and Minnesota.

BMO Wealth Management

Reported net income of $172 million and adjusted net income of $186 million both decreased 38% from a year ago. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration costs. Elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter largely resulting from the impact of hurricanes and a gain on sale of an equity investment a year ago had a negative impact of 52% on reported net income growth and 48% on adjusted net income growth. Traditional wealth reported net income was $189 million compared to $201 million and adjusted net income was $203 million compared to $224 million a year ago, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were more than offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment last year. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million due to the elevated reinsurance claims this quarter, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes. This compared to insurance net income of $78 million last year.

BMO Wealth Management has been recognized by Wealth & Finance INTL in their 2017 Global Finance Awards, as having the Most Outstanding Wealth Planning Services, recognizing our best-in-class service.

BMO Capital Markets

Reported net income and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, of $326 million decreased $66 million or 17% from record performance a year ago, primarily due to lower revenue in our Investment and Corporate Banking business, higher expenses, and a higher provision for credit losses.

During the quarter, BMO Capital Markets partnered with Evolve Funds to help launch the first Canadian-listed Exchange Traded Fund (ETF), focused on gender diversity and workplace inclusion.

Corporate Services

Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $175 million compared with a net loss of $202 million a year ago. Corporate Services adjusted net loss for the quarter was $119 million compared with an adjusted net loss of $188 million a year ago. Adjusted results exclude a $41 million after-tax restructuring charge in the current quarter and acquisition integration costs in both periods. Adjusted results increased due to lower expenses, in part due to the impact of a gain on sale of an office building and higher revenue excluding taxable equivalent basis (teb), partially offset by lower credit recoveries. Reported results increased due to the net impact of drivers noted above, partially offset by the restructuring charge in the current quarter.

Adjusted results in this Operating Segment Overview section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Capital

BMO's Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) Ratio was 11.4% at October 31, 2017. The CET1 Ratio increased from 11.2% at the end of the third quarter largely due to retained earnings growth and favourable pension and post-retirement benefit impacts, partially offset by business growth and share repurchases during the quarter.

Provision for Credit Losses

The total provision for credit losses was $208 million, an increase of $34 million from the prior year due to higher provisions in BMO Capital Markets, Corporate Services and Canadian P&C.

Caution

The foregoing sections contain forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Regulatory Filings

Our continuous disclosure materials, including our interim filings, annual Management's Discussion and Analysis and audited consolidated financial statements, Annual Information Form and Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareholders and Proxy Circular are available on our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations, on the Canadian Securities Administrators' website at http://www.sedar.com and on the EDGAR section of the SEC's website at http://www.sec.gov.

Bank of Montreal uses a unified branding approach that links all of the organization's member companies. Bank of Montreal, together with its subsidiaries, is known as BMO Financial Group. As such, in this document, the names BMO and BMO Financial Group mean Bank of Montreal, together with its subsidiaries.

Financial Review

The Financial Review commentary is as of December 5, 2017. The material that precedes this section comprises part of this Financial Review. The Financial Review should be read in conjunction with the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements for the period ended October 31, 2017, included in this document, as well as the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2017, and the MD&A for fiscal 2017.

The 2017 Annual MD&A includes a comprehensive discussion of our businesses, strategies and objectives, and can be accessed on our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations. Readers are also encouraged to visit the site to view other quarterly financial information.

Bank of Montreal's management, under the supervision of the CEO and CFO, has evaluated the effectiveness, as of October 31, 2017, of Bank of Montreal's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Canadian Securities Administrators) and has concluded that such disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended October 31, 2017, which materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Because of inherent limitations, disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting can provide only reasonable assurance and may not prevent or detect misstatements.

As in prior quarters, Bank of Montreal's Audit and Conduct Review Committee reviewed this document and Bank of Montreal's Board of Directors approved the document prior to its release.




Financial Highlights                                             
Table 1

(Canadian $ in millions, except as
noted)                               Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
Summary Income Statement
Net interest income                    2,535    2,533    2,498   
10,007       9,872
Non-interest revenue                   3,120    2,926    2,780   
12,253      11,215
Revenue                                5,655    5,459    5,278   
22,260      21,087
Insurance claims, commissions and
changes in policy benefit
liabilities (CCPB)                       573      253       79   
1,538       1,543
Revenue, net of CCPB                   5,082    5,206    5,199   
20,722      19,544
Specific provision for credit
losses                                   208      210      174   
850         815
Collective provision for (recovery
of) credit losses                          -      (76)        -  
(76)          -
Total provision for credit losses        208      134      174   
774         815
Non-interest expense                   3,369    3,278    3,323   
13,302      12,997
Provision for income taxes               278      407      357   
1,296       1,101
Net income                             1,227    1,387    1,345   
5,350       4,631
Attributable to bank shareholders   1,227    1,387    1,344   
5,348       4,622
Attributable to non-controlling
interest in subsidiaries                -        -        1   
2           9
Net income                             1,227    1,387    1,345   
5,350       4,631
Adjusted net income                    1,309    1,374    1,395   
5,508       5,020
Common Share Data ($ except as
noted)
Earnings per share                      1.81     2.05     2.02   
7.92        6.92
Adjusted earnings per share             1.94     2.03     2.10   
8.16        7.52
Earnings per share growth (%)          (10.3)     9.8     10.4   
14.5         5.3
Adjusted earnings per share growth
(%)                                     (7.6)     4.4     10.5   
8.5         7.4
Dividends declared per share            0.90     0.90     0.86   
3.56        3.40
Book value per share                   61.92    59.65    59.56   
61.92       59.56
Closing share price                    98.83    94.56    85.36   
98.83       85.36
Total market value of common shares
($ billions)                            64.0     61.3     55.1   
64.0        55.1
Dividend yield (%)                       3.6      3.8      4.0   
3.6         4.0
Financial Measures and Ratios (%)
Return on equity                        12.1     13.4     13.8   
13.3        12.1
Adjusted return on equity               12.9     13.3     14.4   
13.7        13.1
Return on tangible common equity        14.8     16.5     17.2   
16.3        15.3
Adjusted return on tangible common
equity                                  15.5     16.0     17.5   
16.5        16.1
Net income growth                       (8.8)    11.4     10.8   
15.5         5.1
Adjusted net income growth              (6.2)     6.1     10.3   
9.7         7.2
Revenue growth                           7.2     (3.1)     5.9   
5.6         8.8
Revenue growth, net of CCPB             (2.2)     5.3     10.2   
6.0         7.8
Non-interest expense growth              1.4      6.0      7.4   
2.3         6.7
Adjusted non-interest expense
growth                                  (0.1)     6.5      7.3   
3.7         6.1
Efficiency ratio, net of CCPB           66.3     63.0     63.9   
64.2        66.5
Adjusted efficiency ratio               57.5     59.0     61.7   
58.4        59.2
Adjusted efficiency ratio, net of
CCPB                                    64.0     61.9     62.6   
62.8        63.9
Operating leverage, net of CCPB         (3.6)    (0.7)     2.8   
3.7         1.1
Adjusted operating leverage, net of
CCPB                                    (2.1)    (1.2)     2.9   
1.9         2.1
Net interest margin on average
earning assets                          1.57     1.55     1.57   
1.55        1.59
Effective tax rate                      18.5     22.7     21.0   
19.5        19.2
Adjusted effective tax rate             19.3     22.5     21.2   
19.8        19.9
Return on average assets                0.68     0.76     0.75   
0.74        0.65
PCL-to-average net loans and
acceptances (annualized)                0.22     0.14     0.19   
0.21        0.23
Specific PCL-to-average net loans
and acceptances (annualized)            0.22     0.22     0.19   
0.23        0.23
Balance Sheet (as at $ millions,
except as noted)
Assets                               709,580  708,617  687,935   
709,580     687,935
Net loans and acceptances            378,218  375,971  371,751   
378,218     371,751
Deposits                             483,488  473,111  473,372   
483,488     473,372
Common shareholders' equity           40,114   38,694   38,464   
40,114      38,464
Cash and securities-to-total assets
ratio (%)                               28.5     27.8     27.1   
28.5        27.1
Capital Ratios (%)
CET1 Ratio                              11.4     11.2     10.1   
11.4        10.1
Tier 1 Capital Ratio                    13.0     12.9     11.6   
13.0        11.6
Total Capital Ratio                     15.1     15.2     13.6   
15.1        13.6
Leverage Ratio                           4.4      4.4      4.2   
4.4         4.2
Foreign Exchange Rates
As at Canadian/U.S. dollar            1.2895   1.2453   1.3411   
1.2895      1.3411
Average Canadian/U.S. dollar          1.2621   1.2974   1.3216   
1.3071      1.3251

Adjusted results are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. 
Please see the
Non-GAAP Measures section. 

Non-GAAP Measures

Results and measures in this document are presented on a GAAP basis. Unless otherwise indicated, all amounts are in Canadian dollars and have been derived from financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). References to GAAP mean IFRS. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes the impact of certain items as set out in Table 2 below. Results and measures that exclude the impact of Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rate movements on our U.S. segment are non-GAAP measures (please see the Foreign Exchange section for a discussion of the effects of changes in exchange rates on our results). Management assesses performance on a reported basis and on an adjusted basis and considers both to be useful in assessing underlying ongoing business performance. Presenting results on both bases provides readers with a better understanding of how management assesses results. It also permits readers to assess the impact of certain specified items on results for the periods presented and to better assess results excluding those items if they consider the items to not be reflective of ongoing results. As such, the presentation may facilitate readers' analysis of trends, as well as comparisons with our competitors. Except as otherwise noted, management's discussion of changes in reported results in this document applies equally to changes in corresponding adjusted results. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and as such do not have standardized meaning under GAAP. They are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies and should not be viewed in isolation from or as a substitute for GAAP results.



Non-GAAP Measures                                                
Table 2

(Canadian $ in
millions, except as
noted)                Q4-2017   Q3-2017   Q4-2016   Fiscal 2017  
Fiscal 2016
Reported Results
Revenue                 5,655     5,459     5,278        22,260  
21,087
Insurance claims,
commissions and
changes in policy
benefit liabilities
(CCPB)                   (573)     (253)      (79)       (1,538) 
(1,543)
Revenue, net of
CCPB                    5,082     5,206     5,199        20,722  
19,544
Provision for
credit losses            (208)     (134)     (174)         (774) 
(815)
Non-interest
expense                (3,369)   (3,278)   (3,323)      (13,302) 
(12,997)
Income before
income taxes            1,505     1,794     1,702         6,646  
5,732
Provision for
income taxes             (278)     (407)     (357)       (1,296) 
(1,101)
Net Income              1,227     1,387     1,345         5,350  
4,631
EPS ($)                  1.81      2.05      2.02          7.92  
6.92
Adjusting Items
(Pre-tax) (1)
Amortization of
acquisition-related
intangible assets
(2)                       (34)      (35)      (37)         (149) 
(160)
Acquisition
integration costs
(3)                       (24)      (20)      (31)          (87) 
(104)
Cumulative
accounting
adjustment (4)              -         -         -             -  
(85)
Restructuring cost
(5)                       (59)        -         -           (59) 
(188)
Decrease in the
collective
allowance for
credit losses (6)           -        76         -            76  
-
Adjusting items
included in
reported pre-tax
income                   (117)       21       (68)         (219) 
(537)
Adjusting Items
(After tax) (1)
Amortization of
acquisition-related
intangible assets
(2)                       (26)      (28)      (29)         (116) 
(124)
Acquisition
integration costs
(3)                       (15)      (13)      (21)          (55) 
(71)
Cumulative
accounting
adjustment (4)              -         -         -             -  
(62)
Restructuring cost
(5)                       (41)        -         -           (41) 
(132)
Decrease in the
collective
allowance for
credit losses (6)           -        54         -            54  
-
Adjusting items
included in
reported net income
after tax                 (82)       13       (50)         (158) 
(389)
Impact on EPS ($)       (0.13)     0.02     (0.08)        (0.24) 
(0.60)
Adjusted Results
Revenue                 5,655     5,459     5,278        22,260  
21,171
Insurance claims,
commissions and
changes in policy
benefit liabilities
(CCPB)                   (573)     (253)      (79)       (1,538) 
(1,543)
Revenue, net of
CCPB                    5,082     5,206     5,199        20,722  
19,628
Provision for
credit losses            (208)     (210)     (174)         (850) 
(815)
Non-interest
expense                (3,252)   (3,223)   (3,255)      (13,007) 
(12,544)
Income before
income taxes            1,622     1,773     1,770         6,865  
6,269
Provision for
income taxes             (313)     (399)     (375)       (1,357) 
(1,249)
Net income              1,309     1,374     1,395         5,508  
5,020
EPS ($)                  1.94      2.03      2.10          8.16  
7.52

(1)    Adjusting items are included in Corporate
Services, with the exception of the amortization
of acquisition-related intangible assets, which is
charged to the operating groups, and acquisition
integration costs related to F&C Asset Management
plc (F&C), which are charged to Wealth Management.

(2)    These expenses were charged to the non-interest
expense of the operating groups. Before and
after-tax amounts for each operating group are
provided on pages 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19.

(3)    Acquisition integration costs related to F&C Asset
Management plc (F&C) are charged to Wealth
Management. Acquisition integration costs related
to the acquired BMO Transportation Finance
business are charged to Corporate Services, since
the acquisition impacts both Canadian and U.S. P&C
businesses. Acquisition costs are primarily
recorded in non-interest expense.

(4)    Cumulative accounting adjustment recognized in
other non-interest revenue related to foreign
currency translation, largely impacting prior
periods.

(5)    Restructuring charge in Q4-2017 and Q2-2016, as we
continue to accelerate the use of technology to
enhance customer experience and focus on driving
operational efficiencies. Restructuring cost is
recorded in non-interest expense.

(6)    Adjustments to the collective allowance for credit
losses are recorded in Corporate Services
provision for (recovery of) credit losses.

Adjusted results and measures in this table are non-GAAP amounts 
or
non-GAAP measures.
 

Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Bank of Montreal's public communications often include written or oral forward-looking statements. Statements of this type are included in this document, and may be included in other filings with Canadian securities regulators or the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or in other communications. All such statements are made pursuant to the "safe harbor" provisions of, and are intended to be forward-looking statements under, the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and any applicable Canadian securities legislation. Forward-looking statements may involve, but are not limited to, comments with respect to our objectives and priorities for fiscal 2018 and beyond, our strategies or future actions, our targets, expectations for our financial condition or share price, and the results of or outlook for our operations or for the Canadian, U.S. and international economies.

By their nature, forward-looking statements require us to make assumptions and are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties. There is significant risk that predictions, forecasts, conclusions or projections will not prove to be accurate, that our assumptions may not be correct, and that actual results may differ materially from such predictions, forecasts, conclusions or projections. We caution readers of this document not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, as a number of factors could cause actual future results, conditions, actions or events to differ materially from the targets, expectations, estimates or intentions expressed in the forward-looking statements.

The future outcomes that relate to forward-looking statements may be influenced by many factors, including but not limited to: general economic and market conditions in the countries in which we operate; weak, volatile or illiquid capital and/or credit markets; interest rate and currency value fluctuations; changes in monetary, fiscal, or economic policy and tax legislation and interpretation; the level of competition in the geographic and business areas in which we operate; changes in laws or in supervisory expectations or requirements, including capital, interest rate and liquidity requirements and guidance, and the effect of such changes on funding costs; judicial or regulatory proceedings; the accuracy and completeness of the information we obtain with respect to our customers and counterparties; our ability to execute our strategic plans and to complete and integrate acquisitions, including obtaining regulatory approvals; critical accounting estimates and the effect of changes to accounting standards, rules and interpretations on these estimates; operational and infrastructure risks; changes to our credit ratings; political conditions, including changes relating to or affecting economic or trade matters; global capital markets activities; the possible effects on our business of war or terrorist activities; outbreaks of disease or illness that affect local, national or international economies; natural disasters and disruptions to public infrastructure, such as transportation, communications, power or water supply; technological changes; information and cyber security; and our ability to anticipate and effectively manage risks arising from all of the foregoing factors.

We caution that the foregoing list is not exhaustive of all possible factors. Other factors and risks could adversely affect our results. For more information, please see the discussion in the Risks That May Affect Future Results section on page 79, and the sections related to credit and counterparty, market, insurance, liquidity and funding, operational, model, legal and regulatory, business, strategic, environmental and social, and reputation risk, which begin on page 86, of BMO's 2017 Annual MD&A and outline certain key factors and risks that may affect Bank of Montreal's future results. Investors and others should carefully consider these factors and risks, as well as other uncertainties and potential events, and the inherent uncertainty of forward-looking statements. Bank of Montreal does not undertake to update any forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time by the organization or on its behalf, except as required by law. The forward-looking information contained in this document is presented for the purpose of assisting our shareholders in understanding our financial position as at and for the periods ended on the dates presented, as well as our strategic priorities and objectives, and may not be appropriate for other purposes.

Assumptions about the performance of the Canadian and U.S. economies, as well as overall market conditions and their combined effect on our business, are material factors we consider when determining our strategic priorities, objectives and expectations for our business. In determining our expectations for economic growth, both broadly and in the financial services sector, we primarily consider historical economic data provided by governments, historical relationships between economic and financial variables, and the risks to the domestic and global economy. See the Economic Developments and Outlook section on page 32 of BMO's 2017 Annual MD&A.

Foreign Exchange

The Canadian dollar equivalents of BMO's U.S. results that are denominated in U.S. dollars were decreased relative to the third quarter of 2017 and the fourth quarter of 2016 by the weaker U.S. dollar. Table 3 indicates the relevant average Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rates and the impact of changes in the rates on our U.S. segment results. References in this document to the impact of the U.S. dollar do not include U.S.-dollar-denominated amounts recorded outside of BMO's U.S. segment.

Economically, our U.S. dollar income stream was unhedged to changes in foreign exchange rates during the current year and the fourth quarter of 2016. We regularly determine whether to execute hedging transactions to mitigate the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on net income.

See the Capital Management section of the 2017 Annual MD&A for discussion on the impact that changes in foreign exchange rates can have on our capital position. Changes in foreign exchange rates will also affect accumulated other comprehensive income primarily from the translation of our investments in foreign operations.

This Foreign Exchange section contains forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward Looking Statements.



Effects of Changes in Exchange Rates on BMO's U.S. Segment
Reported and Adjusted Results                                    
Table 3

Q4-2017
(Canadian $ in millions, except as noted)                      vs
Q4-2016 vs Q3-2017
Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rate (average)
Current period                                              
1.2621     1.2621
Prior period                                                
1.3216     1.2974
Effects on U.S. segment reported results
Decreased net interest income                                    
(45)       (27)
Decreased non-interest revenue                                   
(38)       (22)
Decreased revenues                                               
(83)       (49)
Decreased provision for credit losses                            
4          2
Decreased expenses                                               
59         35
Decreased income taxes                                           
5          3
Decreased reported net income before impact of hedges            
(15)        (9)
Hedging losses in current period, after tax                      
-          -
Decreased reported net income                                    
(15)        (9)
Effects on U.S. segment adjusted results
Decreased net interest income                                    
(45)       (27)
Decreased non-interest revenue                                   
(38)       (22)
Decreased revenues                                               
(83)       (49)
Decreased provision for credit losses                            
3          2
Decreased expenses                                               
57         34
Decreased income taxes                                           
6          3
Decreased adjusted net income before impact of hedges            
(17)       (10)
Hedging losses in current period, after tax                      
-          -
Decreased adjusted net income                                    
(17)       (10)
Adjusted results in this section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP
measures.
Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section. 
Net Income

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

Net income was $1,227 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, down 
$118 million or 9% from the prior year. Adjusted net income was 
$1,309 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, down $86 million or 6%
from the prior year. Adjusted net income excludes a restructuring 
charge in the current period, and the amortization of 
acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration 
costs in both periods. EPS of $1.81 was down $0.21 or 10%, and 
adjusted EPS of $1.94 was down $0.16 or 8% from the prior year. Net 
income this quarter included claims of $112 million in our 
reinsurance business largely resulting from the impact of hurricanes 
Irma, Maria and Harvey which reduced earnings per share by $0.17 and 
net income growth by approximately 8%. The weaker U.S. dollar reduced
net income growth by 1%. 

Canadian P&C reported net income of $624 million increased $36 million or 6% and adjusted net income of $625 million increased $37 million or 6% from a year ago due to higher balances across most products and higher net interest margin, partially offset by higher expenses and an increased provision for credit losses. On a Canadian dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both decreased 3% from a year ago due to the weaker U.S. dollar. On a U.S. dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased $5 million or 2% mainly due to higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, partially offset by loan spread compression and higher expenses. Wealth Management reported net income of $172 million and adjusted net income of $186 million both decreased 38% from a year ago. Elevated reinsurance claims in the current quarter and a gain on sale of an equity investment a year ago had a negative impact of 52% on reported net income growth and 48% on adjusted net income growth. Traditional wealth reported net income was $189 million compared to $201 million and adjusted net income was $203 million compared to $224 million a year ago, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were more than offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment last year. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million due to the elevated reinsurance claims this quarter, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes. This compared to insurance net income of $78 million last year. BMO Capital Markets reported and adjusted net income of $326 million both decreased $66 million or 17% from record performance a year ago, primarily due to lower revenue in our Investment and Corporate Banking business, higher expenses, and a higher provision for credit losses. Corporate Services adjusted results increased due to lower expenses, in part due to a gain on the sale of an office building, and higher revenue excluding teb, partially offset by lower credit recoveries. Reported results increased due to the net impact of the drivers noted above, partially offset by the restructuring charge in the current quarter.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

Net income decreased $160 million or 12% and adjusted net income decreased $65 million or 5% from the prior quarter. Adjusted net income excludes a restructuring charge in the current quarter, a decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter and the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration costs in both periods. EPS decreased $0.24 or 11% and adjusted EPS decreased $0.09 or 4%. Net income this quarter included higher reinsurance claims of $112 million which reduced earnings per share by $0.17 and net income growth by approximately 8%.

Canadian P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased by 2% due to higher net interest margin, partially offset by a higher provision for credit losses and higher expenses. On a Canadian dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased $2 million or 1% from the prior quarter. On a U.S. dollar basis, U.S. P&C reported and adjusted net income both increased $8 million or 3% due to higher revenue, a lower provision for credit losses and lower expenses, partially offset by a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Wealth Management reported net income, which included elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million, decreased $92 million or 35% and adjusted net income decreased $93 million or 33%. Traditional wealth reported net income of $189 million and adjusted net income of $203 million were relatively unchanged. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter, net of benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes, compared to net income of $76 million in the prior quarter. BMO Capital Markets reported and adjusted net income both increased 11%, primarily due to higher revenue and lower expenses, partially offset by a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter and a higher provision for credit losses. Corporate Services adjusted results decreased largely due to higher expenses, net of a gain on the sale of an office building in the current quarter, partially offset by the impact of a less favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Reported results decreased due to the decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter and the restructuring charge in the current quarter, in addition to the net impact of the drivers noted above.

Adjusted results in this Net Income section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measure section.

Revenue

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

Revenue of $5,655 million increased $377 million or 7% from the 
fourth quarter a year ago. On a basis that nets insurance claims, 
commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities (CCPB) against 
insurance revenue (net revenue), revenue of $5,082 million decreased 
$117 million or 2%, or 1% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. 
dollar. Net revenue included elevated reinsurance claims of $112 
million. 

Canadian P&C revenue increased 5%, mainly due to higher balances across most products, higher net interest margin and higher non-interest revenue. U.S. P&C revenue decreased 2% on a Canadian dollar basis due to the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. U.S. P&C revenue increased 3% on a U.S. dollar basis driven by higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, net of loan spread compression and lower non-interest revenue. Traditional wealth revenue was relatively unchanged, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment in the prior year. Net insurance revenue was $42 million, compared to $136 million a year ago due to the elevated reinsurance claims, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes. BMO Capital Markets revenue decreased 4%, as Investment and Corporate Banking revenue decreased from a particularly strong quarter last year, primarily due to lower mergers and acquisitions advisory activity and lower net securities gains, partially offset by higher corporate banking-related revenue. Trading Products revenue was largely unchanged from the prior year. Corporate Services revenue decreased due to a higher group teb adjustment, partially offset by higher revenue excluding teb in the current quarter.

Net interest income increased $37 million or 2% to $2,535 million, or 3% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, primarily due to higher deposit spreads in the Personal and Commercial banking businesses, partially offset by lower net interest income from certain trading businesses. Average earning assets increased $11.2 billion or 2% to $642.5 billion, or 4% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, due to higher securities and loan growth. BMO's overall net interest margin of 1.57% was flat compared to the prior year. Net interest margin (excluding trading) improved 4 basis points from the prior year to 1.91% primarily driven by higher deposit spreads in the Personal and Commercial banking businesses.

Net non-interest revenue of $2,547 million decreased $154 million or 6%, or 4% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, mainly due to the elevated reinsurance claims in the current period, a gain on sale of an equity investment in the prior year and lower underwriting and advisory fees.

Gross insurance revenue increased $396 million from a year ago, largely due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of insurance investments in the current year compared to increases in long-term interest rates decreasing the fair value of insurance investments in the prior year and higher annuity sales. Insurance revenue can experience variability arising from fluctuations in the fair value of insurance assets. The investments which support policy benefit liabilities are predominantly fixed income assets recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in insurance revenue in the Consolidated Statement of Income. These fair value changes are largely offset by changes in the fair value of policy benefit liabilities, the impact of which is reflected in insurance claims, commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities (CCPB), as discussed on page 11. Given the extent to which insurance revenue can vary and that this variability is largely offset in CCPB, we generally focus on analyzing revenue net of CCPB.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

Revenue increased $196 million or 4% from the prior quarter. Net revenue decreased $124 million or 2%, or 1% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Net revenue included elevated reinsurance claims in the current quarter.

Canadian P&C revenue increased 2% primarily due to higher net interest margin. U.S. P&C revenue decreased 1% on a Canadian dollar basis. U.S. P&C revenue increased 2% on a U.S. dollar basis due to increased loan volumes and higher deposit revenue. Traditional wealth revenue increased $13 million or 1%. Net insurance revenue was $42 million compared to $133 million in the prior quarter primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter, net of the benefits from favourable market movements and investment portfolio related changes. BMO Capital Markets revenue increased 6%. Trading Products revenue increased, in part due to increased client activity in our equities business. Investment and Corporate Banking revenue increased as a result of higher investment banking activity, primarily reflecting increased debt underwriting and mergers and acquisitions advisory activities. Corporate Services revenue decreased largely due to a higher group teb adjustment in the current quarter.

Net interest income of $2,535 million was relatively unchanged from the prior quarter, or increased 1% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, mainly due to higher deposit spreads. Average earning assets decreased $4.1 billion or 1% to $642.5 billion. Excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, average earning assets increased $2.6 billion from the prior quarter. BMO's overall net interest margin increased by 2 basis points, and increased 1 basis point on an excluding trading basis, primarily due to higher deposit spreads.

Net non-interest revenue decreased $126 million or 5%, or 4% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims and lower trading revenue in the current quarter, partially offset by increases in foreign exchange, other than trading and underwriting & advisory fees.

Gross insurance revenue increased $228 million from the prior quarter, largely due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of insurance investments in the current quarter compared to increases in long-term interest rates in the prior quarter decreasing the fair value of investments, partially offset by lower annuity sales. The increase in insurance revenue was more than offset by higher insurance claims, commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities as discussed on page 11.

Adjusted results in this Revenue section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.



Net Interest Margin on Average
Earning Assets (teb) (1)                                         
Table 4

(In basis points)                     Q4-2017  Q3-2017 Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
Canadian P&C                      259      254     253   
253         254
U.S. P&C                          377      380     358   
375         363
Personal and Commercial Banking           296      293     288   
292         289
Wealth Management                         261      243     241   
250         237
BMO Capital Markets                        50       35      53   
48          58
Corporate Services (2)                     nm       nm      nm   
nm          nm
Total BMO net interest margin             157      155     157   
155         159
Total BMO net interest margin
(excluding trading)                       191      190     187   
187         186
Total Canadian Retail (3)                 257      251     251   
251         251

(1)  Net interest margin is disclosed and computed with
reference to average earning assets, rather than total
assets. This basis provides a more relevant measure of
margins and changes in margins. Operating group margins
are stated on a taxable equivalent basis (teb) while total
BMO margin is stated on a GAAP basis.

(2)  Corporate Services adjusted net interest income is
negative in all periods and its variability affects
changes in net interest margin.

(3)  Total Canadian retail margin represents the net interest
margin of the combined Canadian businesses of Canadian P&C
and Wealth Management.

nm - not meaningful.
 
Provision for Credit Losses

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

The total provision for credit losses was $208 million, an increase 
of $34 million from the prior year due to higher provisions in BMO 
Capital Markets, Corporate Services and Canadian P&C. There was no 
net change to the collective allowance in the quarter. 

Canadian P&C provisions increased $11 million to $134 million due to higher commercial provisions. U.S. P&C provisions of $66 million were unchanged as higher consumer provisions were offset by the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. BMO Capital Markets provisions were $4 million compared with net recoveries of $8 million in the prior year. Corporate Services provisions increased $12 million primarily due to lower credit recoveries compared to the prior year.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

The total provision for credit losses increased $74 million, reflecting a decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter. The specific provision for credit losses was $208 million, relatively flat compared to the prior quarter.

Canadian P&C provisions increased $9 million due to higher commercial provisions. U.S. P&C provisions decreased $13 million due to lower consumer and commercial provisions. BMO Capital Markets provisions were $4 million compared with net recoveries of $2 million in the prior quarter. Corporate Services specific provisions were flat quarter over quarter.



Provision for Credit Losses by
Operating Group                                                  
Table 5

(Canadian $ in millions)              Q4-2017 Q3-2017 Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
Canadian P&C                       134     125     123    
505         542
U.S. P&C                            66      79      66    
295         257
Personal and Commercial Banking           200     204     189    
800         799
Wealth Management                           -       5       1    
8           9
BMO Capital Markets                         4      (2)     (8)   
44          81
Corporate Services                          4       3      (8)   
(2)        (74)
Specific provision for credit losses      208     210     174    
850         815
Decrease in the collective allowance
for credit losses                           -     (76)      -    
(76)          -
Provision for credit losses               208     134     174    
774         815

Changes to Provision for Credit
Losses                                                           
Table 6

(Canadian $ in millions, except as
noted)                                Q4-2017 Q3-2017 Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
New specific provisions                   326     318     339    
1,356       1,386
Reversals of previously established
allowances                                (47)    (47)    (85)   
(241)       (228)
Recoveries of loans previously
written-off                               (71)    (61)    (80)   
(265)       (343)
Specific provision for credit losses      208     210     174    
850         815
Decrease in the collective allowance
for credit losses                           -     (76)      -    
(76)          -
Provision for credit losses               208     134     174    
774         815
PCL-to-average net loans and
acceptances (annualized) (%)             0.22    0.14    0.19    
0.21        0.23
Specific PCL-to-average net loans
and acceptances (annualized) (%)         0.22    0.22    0.19    
0.23        0.23 

Impaired Loans

Total gross impaired loans (GIL) were $2,174 million at the end of the current quarter, down from $2,332 million a year ago, primarily due to lower oil and gas impaired loans. GIL increased from $2,109 million in the third quarter of 2017 primarily due to the impact of a stronger U.S. dollar.

Factors contributing to the change in GIL are outlined in Table 7 below. Loans classified as impaired during the quarter totalled $527 million, up from $405 million in the third quarter of 2017 and down from $555 million a year ago.




Changes in Gross Impaired Loans (GIL) and
Acceptances (1)                                                  
Table 7

(Canadian $ in
millions, except as
noted)                         Q4-2017         Q3-2017 Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016
GIL, beginning of
period                           2,109           2,399   2,307   
2,332       1,959
Classified as impaired
during the period                  527             405     555   
2,193       2,512
Transferred to not
impaired during the
period                            (135)           (159)   (133)  
(607)       (577)
Net repayments                    (184)           (242)   (161)  
(1,007)       (869)
Amounts written-off               (147)           (150)   (250)  
(623)       (706)
Recoveries of loans
and advances
previously written-off               -               -       -   
-           -
Disposals of loans                 (45)              1     (28)  
(46)        (34)
Foreign exchange and
other movements                     49            (145)     42   
(68)         47
GIL, end of period               2,174           2,109   2,332   
2,174       2,332
GIL-to-gross loans and
acceptances (%)                   0.57            0.56    0.62   
0.57        0.62

(1) GIL excludes purchased credit impaired loans. 

Insurance Claims, Commissions and Changes in Policy Benefit Liabilities

Insurance claims, commissions and changes in policy benefit liabilities (CCPB) were $573 million in the fourth quarter of 2017, up $494 million from $79 million in the fourth quarter of 2016 due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities compared to increases in long-term interest rates in the fourth quarter of 2016 decreasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities, elevated reinsurance claims and the impact of higher annuity sales. CCPB were up $320 million from $253 million in the third quarter of 2017 due to decreases in long-term interest rates increasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities compared to increases in long-term interest rates in the third quarter of 2017 decreasing the fair value of policy benefit liabilities, and the elevated reinsurance claims, partially offset by the impact of lower annuity sales. The increases related to the fair value of policy benefit liabilities and annuity sales were largely offset in revenue.

Non-Interest Expense

Reported non-interest expense of $3,369 million increased $46 million or 1% from the fourth quarter a year ago. Adjusted non-interest expense of $3,252 million decreased $3 million. Adjusted non-interest expense increased 2% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted non-interest expense excludes a restructuring charge in the current quarter and acquisition integration costs and the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets in both periods. Higher technology costs and professional fees were largely offset by a gain on the sale of an office building in the quarter and lower employee-related expenses.

Reported non-interest expense increased $91 million or 3% and adjusted non-interest expense increased approximately 1% from the third quarter of 2017. Adjusted non-interest expense increased 2% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Higher technology costs, professional fees and other costs were largely offset by lower employee-related expenses.

Reported operating leverage, on a net revenue basis, was negative 3.6% year over year. Adjusted operating leverage, on a net revenue basis, was negative 2.1% year over year. The elevated reinsurance claims in the quarter reduced adjusted and reported operating leverage by approximately 2.0%. Annual reported and adjusted operating leverage, on a net revenue basis, were 3.7% and 1.9%, respectively.

The reported efficiency ratio was 59.6% compared to 63.0% in the prior year, and was 66.3% on a net revenue basis compared to 63.9% in the prior year. The adjusted efficiency ratio was 57.5% compared to 61.7% in the prior year, and was 64.0% on a net revenue basis compared to 62.6% in the prior year. The elevated reinsurance claims noted above increased the adjusted net efficiency ratio by approximately 1.4%.

Non-interest expense is detailed in the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

Adjusted results in this Non-Interest Expense section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes of $278 million decreased $79 million from the fourth quarter of 2016 and decreased $129 million from the third quarter of 2017. The effective tax rate for the quarter was 18.5%, compared with 21.0% a year ago and 22.7% in the third quarter of 2017. The adjusted provision for income taxes of $313 million decreased $62 million from a year ago and decreased $86 million from the third quarter of 2017. The adjusted effective tax rate was 19.3% in the current quarter, compared with 21.2% a year ago and 22.5% in the third quarter of 2017. The lower reported and adjusted tax rates in the current quarter relative to the fourth quarter of 2016 were primarily due to higher tax-exempt income from securities. The lower reported and adjusted tax rates in the current quarter relative to the third quarter of 2017 were primarily due to higher tax-exempt income from securities, partially offset by a favourable tax item in the prior quarter. On a teb basis, the reported effective tax rate for the quarter was 27.1%, compared with 26.3% a year ago and 25.3% in the third quarter of 2017. On a teb basis, the adjusted effective tax rate for the quarter was 27.2%, compared with 26.3% a year ago and 25.1% in the third quarter of 2017.

Adjusted results in this Income Taxes section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures Section.

Capital Management

Fourth Quarter 2017 Regulatory Capital Review

BMO's Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) Ratio was 11.4% at October 31, 2017.

The CET1 Ratio increased from 11.2% at the end of the third quarter due largely to retained earnings growth and favourable pension and post-retirement benefit impacts, partially offset by business growth and share repurchases during the quarter. The CET1 Ratio increased from 10.1% at October 31, 2016 mainly due to retained earnings growth and lower source currency RWA. The impact of foreign exchange movements on the CET1 Ratio was largely offset, as outlined below.

CET1 Capital at October 31, 2017, was $30.6 billion, up from $29.6 billion at July 31, 2017, mainly due to retained earnings growth and the net impact of foreign exchange movements which increased capital from accumulated other comprehensive income net of higher capital deductions, partially offset by share repurchases during the quarter. CET1 Capital was up $2.5 billion from October 31, 2016, mainly due to higher retained earnings.

RWA were $269.5 billion at October 31, 2017, up from $264.8 billion at July 31, 2017, largely due to the impact of foreign exchange movements and business growth, partially offset by favourable pension and post-retirement and benefit impacts. RWA were down from $277.6 billion at October 31, 2016, which primarily reflects higher RWA from business growth being more than offset by the benefits of risk mitigation and capital management actions, methodology changes, as well as foreign exchange movements.

The bank's Tier 1 and Total Capital Ratios were 13.0% and 15.1% at October 31, 2017, respectively, compared with 12.9% and 15.2%, at July 31, 2017. The Tier 1 Ratio was higher due to the same factors that impacted the CET1 Ratio as discussed above. The Total Capital Ratio was lower mainly due to the redemption of trust subordinated notes. The Tier 1 and Total Capital Ratios were 11.6% and 13.6%, respectively, at October 31, 2016. The October 31, 2017 Tier 1 Ratio was higher compared with October 31, 2016 primarily due to higher CET1 Capital as discussed above, as well as the issuance of preferred shares. The Total Capital Ratio was higher compared with October 31, 2016 primarily due to higher Tier 1 Capital.

BMO's Leverage Ratio was 4.4% at October 31, 2017, consistent with July 31, 2017. The October 31, 2017 Leverage Ratio was higher compared to October 31, 2016 mainly due to higher Tier 1 Capital.

BMO's investments in foreign operations are primarily denominated in U.S. dollars. The foreign exchange impact of U.S. dollar-denominated RWA and U.S. dollar-denominated capital deductions may result in variability in the bank's capital ratios. BMO may offset the impact of foreign exchange movements on its capital ratios and did so during the fourth quarter. Any such activities could also impact our book value and return on equity.

Other Capital Developments

During the quarter, we repurchased and cancelled 1 million common shares as part of the normal course issuer bid at an average cost of $89.88 per share for a total of approximately $90 million.

During the quarter, 130,968 common shares were issued through the exercise of stock options.

On September 26, 2017, Trust Subordinated Notes - Series A were redeemed at par for an aggregate redemption of $800 million, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date.

On December 5, 2017, BMO announced that the Board of Directors had declared a quarterly dividend on common shares of $0.93 per share, up $0.03 per share or 3% from the prior quarter and up $0.05 per share or 6% from a year ago. The dividend is payable on February 27, 2018 to shareholders of record on February 1, 2018. Common shareholders may elect to have their cash dividends reinvested in common shares of BMO in accordance with the Shareholder Dividend Reinvestment and Share Purchase Plan.




Qualifying Regulatory Capital and Risk-Weighted Assets (All-in 
(1))        Table 8

(Canadian $ in millions, except as noted)             Q4-2017   
Q3-2017    Q4-2016
Gross Common Equity (2)                            40,114    
38,694     38,464
Regulatory adjustments applied to Common Equity    (9,481)   
(9,090)   (10,305)
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (CET1)                    30,633    
29,604     28,159
Additional Tier 1 Eligible
Capital (3)                                         4,690    
4,690      4,290
Regulatory adjustments applied to Tier 1             (215)   
(213)      (213)
Additional Tier 1 Capital (AT1)                         4,475    
4,477      4,077
Tier 1 Capital (T1 = CET1 + AT1)                       35,108    
34,081     32,236
Tier 2 Eligible Capital (4)                         5,538    
6,339      5,677
Regulatory adjustments applied to Tier 2              (50)   
(56)       (51)
Tier 2 Capital (T2)                                     5,488    
6,283      5,626
Total Capital (TC = T1 + T2)                           40,596    
40,364     37,862
Risk-weighted assets (5) (6)
CET1 Capital Risk-Weighted Assets                     269,466   
264,819    277,562
Tier 1 Capital Risk-Weighted Assets                   269,466   
264,819    277,562
Total Capital Risk-Weighted Assets                    269,466   
264,819    277,562
Capital Ratios (%)
CET1 Ratio                                               11.4    
11.2       10.1
Tier 1 Capital Ratio                                     13.0    
12.9       11.6
Total Capital Ratio                                      15.1    
15.2       13.6

(1)    "All-in" regulatory capital assumes that all Basel
III regulatory adjustments are applied effective
January 1, 2013, and that the capital value of
instruments that no longer qualify as regulatory
capital under Basel III rules is being phased out at
a rate of 10% per year from January 1, 2013 to
January 1, 2022.

(2)    Gross Common Equity includes issued qualifying
common shares, retained earnings, accumulated other
comprehensive income and eligible common share
capital issued by subsidiaries.

(3)    Additional Tier 1 Eligible Capital includes directly
and indirectly issued qualifying Additional Tier 1
instruments and directly and indirectly issued
capital instruments, to the extent eligible, which
are subject to phase-out under Basel III.

(4)    Tier 2 Eligible Capital includes directly and
indirectly issued qualifying Tier 2 instruments and
directly and indirectly issued capital instruments,
to the extent eligible, that are subject to
phase-out under Basel III.

(5)    Due to the phased-in implementation of the Credit
Valuation Adjustment (CVA) which commenced in
Q1-2014, the scalars applied to the fully
implemented CVA charge for CET1, Tier 1 Capital and
Total Capital are 72%, 77% and 81%, respectively in
2017.

(6)    For institutions using advanced approaches for
credit risk or operational risk, there is a capital
floor as prescribed in OSFI's CAR Guideline.
 

Caution

The foregoing Capital Management section contains forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Eligible Dividends Designation

For the purposes of the Income Tax Act (Canada) and any similar provincial and territorial legislation, BMO designates all dividends paid or deemed to be paid on both its common and preferred shares as "eligible dividends", unless indicated otherwise.

Review of Operating Groups' Performance

How BMO Reports Operating 
Group Results

The following sections review the financial results of each of our 
operating groups and operating segments for the fourth quarter of 
2017. 

Periodically, certain business lines and units within the business lines are transferred between client and corporate support groups to more closely align BMO's organizational structure with its strategic priorities. In addition, revenue and expense allocations are updated to better align with current experience. Results for prior periods are restated to conform to the current presentation.

BMO analyzes revenue at the consolidated level based on GAAP revenue reflected in the consolidated financial statements rather than on a taxable equivalent basis (teb), which is consistent with our Canadian peer group. Like many banks, we analyze revenue on a teb basis at the operating group level. Revenue and the provision for income taxes are increased on tax-exempt securities to an equivalent before-tax basis to facilitate comparisons of income between taxable and tax-exempt sources. The offset to the group teb adjustments is reflected in Corporate Services revenue and income tax provisions.




Personal and Commercial Banking (P&C)                            
Table 9

(Canadian $ in millions, except as                               
Fiscal   Fiscal
noted)                                      Q4-2017 Q3-2017  
Q4-2016     2017     2016

Net interest income (teb)                     2,278   2,243    
2,200    8,869    8,598
Non-interest revenue                            787     805      
803    3,248    3,028
Total revenue (teb)                           3,065   3,048    
3,003   12,117   11,626
Provision for credit losses                     200     204      
189      800      799
Non-interest expense                          1,637   1,653    
1,625    6,542    6,370
Income before income taxes                    1,228   1,191    
1,189    4,775    4,457
Provision for income taxes (teb)                324     299      
313    1,197    1,170
Reported net income                             904     892      
876    3,578    3,287
Amortization of acquisition-related
intangible assets (1)                         12      12      
13       49       52
Adjusted net income                             916     904      
889    3,627    3,339

Net income growth (%)                           3.2     6.4     
13.7      8.8     11.8
Adjusted net income growth (%)                  3.0     6.2     
13.2      8.6     11.4
Revenue growth (%)                              2.1     3.7     
12.5      4.2     13.2
Non-interest expense growth (%)                 0.7     5.1      
9.0      2.7     11.1
Adjusted non-interest expense growth (%)        0.8     5.2      
9.2      2.8     11.3
Return on equity (%)                           17.3    16.9     
16.8     16.9     15.9
Adjusted return on equity (%)                  17.5    17.1     
17.1     17.1     16.2
Operating leverage (%) (teb)                    1.4   (1.4)      
3.5      1.5      2.1
Adjusted operating leverage (%) (teb)           1.3   (1.5)      
3.3      1.4      1.9
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb)                     53.4    54.2     
54.1     54.0     54.8
Adjusted efficiency ratio (%) (teb)            52.9    53.7     
53.5     53.4     54.2
Net interest margin on average earning
assets (%) (teb)                               2.96    2.93     
2.88     2.92     2.89
Average earning assets                      305,726 303,524  
303,882  304,059  297,065
Average net loans and acceptances           309,165 305,971  
303,865  306,120  296,565
Average deposits                            236,309 238,998  
235,399  238,419  230,013

(1)   Before tax amounts of: $16 million in Q4-2017; $17
million in Q3-2017; $18 million in Q4-2016; $66
million for Fiscal 2017 and $71 million for Fiscal
2016 are included in non-interest expense.

Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP 
measures.
Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
 

The Personal and Commercial Banking (P&C) operating group represents the sum of our two retail and business banking operating segments, Canadian Personal and Commercial Banking (Canadian P&C) and U.S. Personal and Commercial Banking (U.S. P&C). The P&C banking business net income of $904 million and adjusted net income of $916 million were both up 3% or 5% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets. These operating segments are reviewed separately in the sections that follow.

Adjusted results in this P&C section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the non-GAAP Measures section.



Canadian Personal and Commercial
Banking (Canadian P&C)                                           
Table 10

(Canadian $ in millions, except as
noted)                                Q4-2017  Q3-2017 Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

Net interest income                     1,371    1,334   1,299   
5,262       5,060
Non-interest revenue                      515      521     503   
2,182       1,909
Total revenue                           1,886    1,855   1,802   
7,444       6,969
Provision for credit losses               134      125     123   
505         542
Non-interest expense                      913      904     886   
3,600       3,464
Income before income taxes                839      826     793   
3,339       2,963
Provision for income taxes                215      212     205   
827         761
Reported net income                       624      614     588   
2,512       2,202
Amortization of
acquisition-related
intangible assets (1)                    1        1       -   
3           2
Adjusted net income                       625      615     588   
2,515       2,204

Personal revenue                        1,228    1,203   1,182   
4,715       4,554
Commercial revenue                        658      652     620   
2,729       2,415
Net income growth (%)                     6.1      9.4     5.0   
14.0         4.7
Revenue growth (%)                        4.7      4.8     5.4   
6.8         5.0
Non-interest expense growth (%)           3.0      4.7     4.5   
3.9         3.7
Adjusted non-interest expense
growth (%)                                3.0      4.7     4.6   
3.9         3.7
Operating leverage (%)                    1.7      0.1     0.9   
2.9         1.3
Adjusted operating leverage (%)           1.7      0.1     0.8   
2.9         1.3
Efficiency ratio (%)                     48.4     48.7    49.2   
48.4        49.7
Net interest margin on average
earning assets (%)                       2.59     2.54    2.53   
2.53        2.54
Average earning assets                210,110  208,682 203,876   
207,815     199,527
Average net loans and acceptances     218,909  216,878 210,715   
215,667     205,813
Average deposits                      154,335  154,102 145,989   
152,492     142,132

(1)    Before tax amounts of: $nil in Q4-2017; $1 million in
each of Q3-2017 and Q4-2016; $2 million for Fiscal 2017
and $3 million for Fiscal 2016 are included in
non-interest expense.

Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP 
measures.
Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
 

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

Canadian P&C reported net income of $624 million increased $36 million or 6% and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, of $625 million increased $37 million or 6% from a year ago. Revenue of $1,886 million increased $84 million or 5% from the prior year, due to higher balances across most products, higher net interest margin and higher non-interest revenue. Net interest margin of 2.59% was up 6 basis points due to product mix changes, including the impact of deposits growing faster than loans, and higher spreads.

Personal revenue increased $46 million or 4% due to higher balances across most products and higher net interest margin.

Commercial revenue increased $38 million or 6% due to higher balances across most products and higher non-interest revenue.

The provision for credit losses increased $11 million to $134 million due to higher commercial provisions. Non-interest expense of $913 million increased $27 million or 3% reflecting continued investment in the business.

Average net loans and acceptances of $218.9 billion increased $8.2 billion or 4% from a year ago. Total personal lending balances (excluding retail cards) increased 3% and commercial loan balances (excluding corporate cards) grew 7%. Average deposits of $154.3 billion increased $8.3 billion or 6%. Personal deposit balances increased 5%, including 11% growth in chequing account balances, while commercial deposit balances grew 7%.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

Reported and adjusted net income both increased 2% from the prior quarter. Revenue increased $31 million or 2% primarily due to higher net interest margin. Net interest margin of 2.59% was up 5 basis points primarily due to higher deposit spreads and also due to higher interest recoveries in the quarter.

Personal revenue increased $25 million or 2% and commercial revenue increased $6 million or 1%.

The provision for credit losses increased $9 million due to higher commercial provisions. Non-interest expense increased $9 million or 1%.

Average net loans and acceptances increased $2.0 billion or 1%, while average deposits increased $0.2 billion.

Adjusted results in this Canadian P&C section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.



U.S. Personal and Commercial Banking (U.S. P&C)                  
Table 11

(US$ in millions, except as
noted)                            Q4-2017   Q3-2017    Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

Net interest income (teb)             719       701        682   
2,761       2,671
Non-interest revenue                  216       219        227   
817         845
Total revenue (teb)                   935       920        909   
3,578       3,516
Provision for credit losses            53        59         50   
225         194
Non-interest expense                  574       577        559   
2,252       2,193
Income before income taxes            308       284        300   
1,101       1,129
Provision for income taxes
(teb)                                  86        70         83   
284         310
Reported net income                   222       214        217   
817         819
Amortization of
acquisition-related
intangible assets (1)          9         9          9   
36          37
Adjusted net income                   231       223        226   
853         856

Net income growth (%)                 1.9       0.7       36.6   
(0.3)        22.9
Adjusted net income growth (%)        1.6       0.4       33.7   
(0.5)        20.8
Revenue growth (%)                    2.9       2.4       24.9   
1.8        21.5
Non-interest expense growth(%)        2.6       6.1       14.7   
2.7        15.1
Adjusted non-interest expense
growth (%)                            2.8       6.4       15.3   
2.9        15.7
Operating leverage (%) (teb)          0.3      (3.7)      10.2   
(0.9)        6.4
Adjusted operating leverage(%) (teb)  0.1      (4.0)       9.6   
(1.1)        5.8
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb)           61.4      62.8       61.6   
62.9        62.4
Adjusted efficiency ratio (%)(teb)   60.1      61.5       60.1   
61.6        60.9
Net interest margin on average
earning assets (%) (teb)             3.77      3.80       3.58   
3.75        3.63
Average earning assets             75,758    73,130     75,666   
73,661      73,639
Average net loans and
acceptances                        71,512    68,700     70,478   
69,233      68,514
Average deposits                   64,952    65,424     67,660   
65,724      66,343

(Canadian $ equivalent in
millions)
Net interest income (teb)             907       909        901   
3,607       3,538
Non-interest revenue                  272       284        300   
1,066       1,119
Total revenue (teb)                 1,179     1,193      1,201   
4,673       4,657
Provision for credit losses            66        79         66   
295         257
Non-interest expense                  724       749        739   
2,942       2,906
Income before income taxes            389       365        396   
1,436       1,494
Provision for income taxes
(teb)                                 109        87        108   
370         409
Reported net income                   280       278        288   
1,066       1,085
Adjusted net income                   291       289        301   
1,112       1,135

Net income growth (%)                (2.7)      0.2       37.0   
(1.7)       29.5
Adjusted net income growth (%)       (3.0)     (0.1)      34.1   
(1.9)       27.4
Revenue growth (%)                   (1.7)      2.0       25.2   
0.3        28.2
Non-interest expense growth (%)      (2.0)      5.6       14.9   
1.2        21.5
Adjusted non-interest expense
growth (%)                           (1.8)      5.9       15.5   
1.4        22.2
Average earning assets             95,616    94,842    100,006   
96,244      97,538
Average net loans and
acceptances                        90,256    89,093     93,150   
90,453      90,752
Average deposits                   81,974    84,896     89,410   
85,927      87,881

(1)   Before tax amounts of: US$13 million in each of Q4-2017 and
Q4-2016; US$12 million in Q3-2017; US$49 million for Fiscal
2017 and US$52 million for Fiscal 2016 are included in
non-interest expense.

Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP 
measures.
Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
 

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

Reported net income of $280 million and adjusted net income of $291 million both decreased 3% from a year ago due to the weaker U.S. dollar. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets. All amounts in the remainder of this section are on a U.S. dollar basis.

Reported net income of $222 million and adjusted net income of $231 million both increased $5 million or 2% compared to a year ago mainly due to higher revenue, partially offset by higher expenses. Revenue of $935 million increased $26 million or 3%, mainly due to higher deposit revenue and increased commercial loan volumes, net of loan spread compression and lower non-interest revenue. Net interest margin increased 19 basis points to 3.77% due to higher deposit spreads driven by increased interest rates and business mix, net of loan spread compression.

The provision for credit losses of $53 million increased $3 million due to higher consumer provisions. Non-interest expense of $574 million and adjusted non-interest expense of $561 million both increased $15 million or 3%, primarily due to higher technology investments.

Average net loans and acceptances increased $1.0 billion or 1% from the prior year to $71.5 billion, driven by commercial loan growth of 8%, partially offset by declines in personal loan volumes, largely due to the indirect auto loan sale completed in the first quarter. Subsequent to year end, we purchased a $2.1 billion residential loan portfolio. This portfolio fits well within our risk profile.

Average deposits decreased $2.7 billion or 4% from the prior year due to an expected decline in commercial volumes given higher interest rates, partially offset by growth in personal volumes.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

Reported net income and adjusted net income both increased $2 million or 1% from the prior quarter. All amounts in the remainder of this section are on a U.S. dollar basis.

Reported net income and adjusted net income both increased $8 million or 3% due to higher revenue, a lower provision for credit losses and lower expenses, partially offset by a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Revenue increased $15 million or 2% due to increased loan volumes and higher deposit revenue. Net interest margin decreased 3 basis points due to loans growing faster than deposits, partially offset by improved deposit spreads.

Provision for credit losses decreased $6 million due to lower consumer and commercial provisions. Non-interest expense and adjusted non-interest expense both decreased 1%.

Average net loans and acceptances increased $2.8 billion or 4% due to commercial loan growth of 6%. Average deposits decreased $0.5 million or 1% due to a decline in commercial volumes, partially offset by growth in personal volumes.

Adjusted results in this U.S. P&C section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.




BMO Wealth Management                                            
Table 12

(Canadian $ in millions, except
as noted)                         Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017    Fiscal 2016

Net interest income                   189      175      162      
700            614
Non-interest revenue                1,490    1,262    1,120      
5,492          5,274
Total revenue                       1,679    1,437    1,282      
6,192          5,888
Insurance claims, commissions
and changes in policy benefit
liabilities (CCPB)                    573      253       79      
1,538          1,543
Revenue, net of CCPB                1,106    1,184    1,203      
4,654          4,345
Provision for credit losses             -        5        1      
8              9
Non-interest expense                  840      832      833      
3,347          3,337
Income before income taxes            266      347      369      
1,299            999
Provision for income taxes             94       83       90      
346            238
Reported net income                   172      264      279      
953            761
Acquisition
integration costs (1)         -        -        7      
-             30
Amortization of
acquisition-related
intangible assets (2)        14       15       16      
65             71
Adjusted net income                   186      279      302      
1,018            862

Traditional Wealth businesses
reported net income                   189      188      201      
717            539
Traditional Wealth businesses
adjusted net income                   203      203      224      
782            640
Insurance reported net income         (17)      76       78      
236            222
Net income growth (%)               (38.3)    31.6     15.0      
25.2          (10.3)
Adjusted net income growth (%)      (38.1)    22.7     11.4      
18.1           (9.6)
Revenue growth (%)                   31.1    (18.9)   (12.0)     
5.2            2.2
Revenue growth, net of CCPB (%)      (8.0)     9.5      0.9      
7.1           (3.6)
Non-interest expense growth (%)       0.9      2.6     (2.5)     
0.3           (0.6)
Adjusted non-interest expense
growth (%)                            2.3      4.5     (1.8)     
1.8           (0.4)
Return on equity (%)                 11.4     17.6     18.1      
15.7           12.4
Adjusted return on equity (%)        12.3     18.5     19.6      
16.8           14.1
Operating leverage, net of CCPB
(%)                                  (8.9)     6.9      3.4      
6.8           (3.0)
Adjusted operating leverage,
net of CCPB (%)                     (10.3)     5.0      2.7      
5.3           (3.2)
Efficiency ratio, net of CCPB
(%)                                  75.9     70.3     69.2      
71.9           76.8
Adjusted efficiency ratio (%)        49.0     56.7     62.7      
52.8           54.5
Adjusted efficiency ratio, net
of CCPB (%)                          74.3     68.8     66.8      
70.2           73.9
Assets under management and
administration                    789,221  878,423  875,389     
789,221        875,389
Average earning assets             28,754   28,444   26,808      
28,026         25,898
Average net loans and
acceptances                        18,533   18,323   16,952      
18,063         16,458
Average deposits                   33,281   33,778   30,905      
33,289         29,931
U.S. Select Financial Data (US$
in millions)
Total revenue                         168      165      196      
650            629
Non-interest expense                  137      137      139      
543            575
Reported net income                    20       22       41      
78             39
Adjusted net income                    23       25       45      
90             54
Average earning assets              3,398    3,386    3,405      
3,348          3,446
Average net loans and
acceptances                         3,355    3,345    3,207      
3,300          3,200
Average deposits                    5,882    5,820    5,484      
5,783          5,602

(1)   F&C acquisition integration costs before tax amounts
of: $10 million in Q4-2016 and $38 million for
Fiscal 2016 are included in non-interest expense.

(2)   Before tax amounts of: $18 million in Q4-2017; $17
million in Q3-2017; $19 million in Q4-2016; $80
million for Fiscal 2017 and $88 million for Fiscal
2016 are included in non-interest expense.

Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP
measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
 

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

Reported net income of $172 million decreased $107 million or 38% and adjusted net income of $186 million decreased $116 million or 38% from a year ago. Adjusted net income excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and acquisition integration costs. Elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter largely resulting from the estimate of the impact of hurricanes and a gain on sale of an equity investment a year ago had a negative impact of 52% on reported net income growth and 48% on adjusted net income growth. Traditional wealth reported net income was $189 million compared to $201 million and adjusted net income was $203 million compared to $224 million a year ago, as improved equity markets and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were more than offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment last year. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million due to the elevated reinsurance claims this quarter, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of changes in our investment portfolio. This compared to net income of $78 million last year.

Revenue was $1,679 million compared to $1,282 million a year ago. Revenue, net of CCPB, was $1,106 million compared to $1,203 million. Revenue in traditional wealth of $1,064 million was relatively unchanged as improved equity markets, and business growth including higher deposit and loan revenue were offset by a gain on sale of an equity investment in the prior year. Insurance revenue, net of CCPB, was $42 million, compared to $136 million a year ago due to the elevated reinsurance claims, partially offset by the benefits from favourable market movements and the impact of investment portfolio related changes.

Non-interest expense of $840 million increased $7 million and adjusted non-interest expense of $822 million increased $18 million or 2% reflecting continued good expense management.

Assets under management and administration decreased $86 billion or 10% from a year ago to $789 billion due to the divestiture of a non-strategic business in the fourth quarter, which reduced assets under administration by $138 billion, and unfavourable foreign exchange movements, partially offset by market appreciation and growth in new client assets. Year-over-year loans and deposits grew by 9% and 8%, respectively, as we continue to diversify our product mix.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

Reported net income was $172 million compared to $264 million in the prior quarter and adjusted net income was $186 million compared to $279 million. Traditional wealth reported net income of $189 million and adjusted net income of $203 million were relatively unchanged from the prior quarter. Insurance reported a net loss of $17 million primarily due to the elevated reinsurance claims of $112 million in the current quarter, net of benefits from favourable market movements and the impacts of investment portfolio related changes, compared to net income of $76 million in the prior quarter.

Revenue, net of CCPB, was $1,106 million compared to $1,184 million in the prior quarter. Revenue in traditional wealth increased $13 million or 1%. Net insurance revenue was $42 million compared to $133 million in the prior quarter, primarily due to the factor noted above.

Non-interest expense increased $8 million and adjusted non-interest expense increased $7 million.

Assets under management and administration decreased $89 billion or 10% due to the divestiture of a non-strategic business in the fourth quarter noted above, partially offset by market appreciation and favourable foreign exchange movements. Quarter over quarter, loans grew 1% and deposits declined 1%.

Adjusted results in this BMO Wealth Management section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP measures section.




BMO Capital Markets                                              
Table 13

(Canadian $ in millions, except as
noted)                               Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

Net interest income (teb)                329      234      339   
1,288       1,483
Non-interest revenue                     800      833      840   
3,336       2,855
Total revenue (teb)                    1,129    1,067    1,179   
4,624       4,338
Provision for (recovery of) credit
losses                                     4       (2)      (8)  
44          81
Non-interest expense                     679      691      660   
2,778       2,574
Income before income taxes               446      378      527   
1,802       1,683
Provision for income taxes (teb)         120       86      135   
487         430
Reported net income                      326      292      392   
1,315       1,253
Amortization of
acquisition-related
intangible assets (1)             -        1        -   
2           1
Adjusted net income                      326      293      392   
1,317       1,254

Trading Products revenue                 656      616      659   
2,736       2,671
Investment and Corporate Banking
revenue                                  473      451      520   
1,888       1,667
Net income growth (%)                  (16.9)    (7.8)    66.1   
5.0        24.1
Revenue growth (%)                      (4.3)    (1.3)    26.8   
6.6        13.1
Non-interest expense growth (%)          2.9     11.3      6.1   
7.9         3.8
Return on equity (%)                    16.2     13.7     20.5   
15.8        16.0
Operating leverage (%) (teb)            (7.2)   (12.6)    20.7   
(1.3)        9.3
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb)              60.2     64.7     56.0   
60.1        59.3
Net interest margin on average
earning assets (%) (teb)                0.50     0.35     0.53   
0.48        0.58
Average earning assets               259,583  267,224  253,963   
266,928     254,370
Average assets                       297,526  307,265  299,085   
306,319     304,031
Average net loans and acceptances     50,217   52,745   48,117   
51,358      46,109
Average deposits                     141,662  144,768  151,507   
147,306     150,068
U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in
millions)
Total revenue (teb)                      340      317      320   
1,343       1,144
Non-interest expense                     232      244      223   
927         860
Reported net income                       74       55       70   
285         184
Average earning assets                90,448   90,347   80,739   
88,135      78,704
Average assets                        95,224   95,292   87,654   
93,344      86,222
Average net loans and acceptances     15,504   15,703   15,768   
15,551      15,068
Average deposits                      56,683   53,824   50,614   
52,471      52,459

(1)  Before tax amounts of: $nil in each of Q4-2017 and
Q4-2016; $1 million in Q3-2017; $3 million for Fiscal 2017
and $1 million for Fiscal 2016 are included in
non-interest expense.
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP 
measures.
Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
 

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

Reported and adjusted net income, which excludes the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, were both $326 million, down $66 million or 17% from record performance a year ago, primarily due to lower revenue in our Investment and Corporate Banking business, higher expenses, and a higher provision for credit losses.

Revenue of $1,129 million decreased $50 million or 4%, or 3% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Investment and Corporate Banking revenue decreased from a particularly strong quarter last year, primarily due to lower mergers and acquisitions advisory activity and lower net securities gains, partially offset by higher corporate banking-related revenue. Trading Products revenue was largely unchanged from the prior year.

The provision for credit losses was $4 million compared with net recoveries of $8 million in the prior year. Reported and adjusted non-interest expense of $679 million increased $19 million or 3%, or 5% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar, reflecting continued investment in our business.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

Reported and adjusted net income both increased 11% from the prior quarter, primarily due to higher revenue and lower expenses, partially offset by the impact of a more favourable tax rate in the prior quarter and a higher provision for credit losses.

Revenue increased $62 million or 6%, or 7% excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar. Trading Products revenue increased, in part due to increased client activity in our equities business. Investment and Corporate Banking revenue increased as a result of higher investment banking activity, primarily reflecting increased debt underwriting and mergers and acquisitions advisory activity.

The provision for credit losses was $4 million compared with a net recovery of $2 million in the prior quarter. Reported and adjusted non-interest expense both decreased 2%, or were relatively unchanged excluding the impact of the weaker U.S. dollar.

Adjusted results in this BMO Capital Markets section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.



Corporate Services                                               
Table 14

(Canadian $ in millions, except as
noted)                               Q4-2017  Q3-2017  Q4-2016 
Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2016

Net interest income before group
teb offset                               (85)     (57)    (79)   
(283)       (313)
Group teb offset                        (176)     (62)   (124)   
(567)       (510)
Net interest income (teb)               (261)    (119)   (203)   
(850)       (823)
Non-interest revenue                      43       26      17    
177          58
Total revenue (teb)                     (218)     (93)   (186)   
(673)       (765)
Recovery of credit losses                  4      (73)     (8)   
(78)        (74)
Non-interest expense                     213      102     205    
635         716
Loss before income taxes                (435)    (122)   (383)   
(1,230)     (1,407)
Recovery of income taxes (teb)          (260)     (61)   (181)   
(734)       (737)
Reported net loss                       (175)     (61)   (202)   
(496)       (670)
Acquisition integration
costs (1)                       15       13      14    
55          41
Cumulative accounting
adjustment (2)                   -        -       -    
-          62
Restructuring costs (3)         41        -       -    
41         132
Decrease in the
collective allowance for
credit losses (4)                -      (54)      -    
(54)          -
Adjusted net loss                       (119)    (102)   (188)   
(454)       (435)
Corporate Services Recovery of
Credit Losses
Impaired real estate loans                 6        -     (2)    
2        (16)
Interest on impaired loans                 -        -      -     
-          -
Purchased credit impaired loans           (2)       3     (6)    
(4)       (58)
Purchased performing loans                 -        -      -     
-          -
Provision for (recovery of) credit
losses, adjusted basis                     4        3     (8)    
(2)       (74)
Decrease in the collective
allowance for credit losses                -      (76)     -     
(76)         -
Recovery of credit losses,
reported basis                              4     (73)     (8)   
(78)        (74)
Average loans and acceptances              54      58      82    
63          96
Period-end loans and acceptances           53      55      80    
53          80
U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in
millions)
Total revenue (teb)                       (33)    (25)    (30)   
(111)       (124)
Recovery of credit losses                  12     (13)     12    
(23)        (81)
Non-interest expense                       83      33      66    
244         218
Recovery of income taxes (teb)            (48)    (14)    (27)   
(114)        (75)
Reported net loss                         (80)    (31)    (81)   
(218)       (186)
Adjusted total revenue (teb)              (33)    (25)    (30)   
(111)       (124)
Adjusted provision for (recovery
of) credit losses                           2       3      (7)   
(2)        (56)
Adjusted non-interest expense              52      19      52    
170         119
Adjusted net loss                         (54)    (33)    (61)   
(185)       (140)

(1)   Acquisition integration costs related to the acquired BMO
Transportation Finance business are primarily included in
non-interest expense.

(2)   Cumulative accounting adjustment recognized in other
non-interest revenue related to foreign currency
translation that largely impacted prior periods.

(3)   Restructuring charges before-tax amounts of: $59 million
in Q4-2017 and $188 million in Q2-2016, as we continue to
accelerate the use of technology to enhance customer
experience and focus on driving operational efficiencies.
Restructuring cost is included in non-interest expense.

(4)   Decrease in the collective allowance for credit losses
before-tax amount of $76 million in Q3-17.

Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP 
measures.
Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
 

Corporate Services

Corporate Services consists of Corporate Units and Technology and Operations (T&O). Corporate Units provide enterprise-wide expertise and governance support in a variety of areas, including strategic planning, risk management, finance, legal and regulatory compliance, marketing, communications and human resources. T&O manages, maintains and provides governance over information technology, operations services, real estate and procurement for BMO Financial Group.

The costs of these Corporate Units and T&O services are largely transferred to the three client operating groups (P&C, BMO Wealth Management and BMO Capital Markets), with remaining amounts retained in Corporate Services results. As such, Corporate Services results largely reflect the impact of residual treasury-related activities, the elimination of taxable equivalent adjustments, certain purchased loan accounting impacts, residual unallocated expenses, certain acquisition integration costs, restructuring costs and adjustments to the collective allowance for credit losses.

Q4 2017 vs Q4 2016

Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $175 million compared with a net loss of $202 million a year ago. Corporate Services adjusted net loss for the quarter was $119 million compared with an adjusted net loss of $188 million a year ago. Adjusted results exclude a $41 million after tax restructuring charge in the current quarter and acquisition integration costs in both periods. Adjusted results increased due to lower expenses, in part due to the impact of a gain on the sale of an office building and higher revenue excluding teb, partially offset by lower credit recoveries. Reported results increased due to the net impact of the drivers noted above, partially offset by the restructuring charge in the current quarter.

Q4 2017 vs Q3 2017

Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $175 million compared with a net loss of $61 million in the prior quarter. Corporate Services adjusted net loss was $119 million, compared with an adjusted net loss of $102 million in the prior quarter. Adjusted results exclude a $41 million after tax restructuring charge in the current quarter and a $54 million after-tax decrease in the collective allowance in the prior period, as well as acquisition integration costs in both periods. Adjusted results decreased largely due to higher expenses, net of a gain on the sale of an office building in the current quarter, partially offset by the impact of a less favourable tax rate in the prior quarter. Reported results decreased due to the decrease in the collective allowance in the prior quarter and the restructuring charge in the current quarter, in addition to the net impact of the drivers noted above.

Adjusted results in this Corporate Services section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Risk Management

Our risk management policies and processes to measure, monitor and control credit and counterparty, market, insurance, liquidity and funding, operational, model, legal and regulatory, business, strategic, environmental and social, and reputation risk are outlined in the Enterprise-Wide Risk Management section on pages 78 to 112 of BMO's 2017 annual MD&A.

INVESTOR AND MEDIA PRESENTATION

Investor Presentation Materials

Interested parties are invited to visit our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations to review our 2017 annual MD&A and audited annual consolidated financial statements, quarterly presentation materials and supplementary financial information package.

Quarterly Conference Call and Webcast Presentations

Interested parties are also invited to listen to our quarterly conference call on Tuesday, December 5, 2017, at 2:00 p.m. (EST). At that time, senior BMO executives will comment on results for the quarter and respond to questions from the investor community. The call may be accessed by telephone at 416-641-2144 (from within Toronto) or 1-888-789-9572 (toll-free outside Toronto) Passcode: 5126346. A replay of the conference call can be accessed until Monday, February 26, 2018, by calling 905-694-9451 (from within Toronto) or 1-800-408-3053 (toll-free outside Toronto) and entering Passcode: 5740558.

A live webcast of the call can be accessed on our website at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations. A replay can also be accessed on the site.

Shareholder Dividend Reinvestment and Share Purchase
Plan (the Plan)


Average market price as defined under the Plan

August 2017: $92.07

September 2017: $93.59

October 2017: $99.88


For dividend information, change in shareholder address
or to advise of duplicate mailings, please contact


Computershare Trust Company of Canada

100 University Avenue, 9th Floor

Toronto, Ontario M5J 2Y1

Telephone: 1-800-340-5021 (Canada and the United States)

Telephone: (514) 982-7800 (international)

Fax: 1-888-453-0330 (Canada and the United States)

Fax: (416) 263-9394 (international)

E-mail: service@computershare.com


For other shareholder information, including the notice for our 
normal course issuer bid, please contact

Bank of Montreal

Shareholder Services

Corporate Secretary's Department

One First Canadian Place, 21st Floor

Toronto, Ontario M5X 1A1

Telephone: (416) 867-6786

Fax: (416) 867-6793

E-mail: corp.secretary@bmo.com


For further information on this document, please contact

Bank of Montreal

Investor Relations Department

P.O. Box 1, One First Canadian Place, 10th Floor

Toronto, Ontario M5X 1A1


To review financial results and regulatory filings and disclosures 
online, please visit our website at  www.bmo.com/investorrelations.  

Our 2017 Annual MD&A, audited annual consolidated financial statements and annual report on Form 40-F (filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission) are available online at http://www.bmo.com/investorrelations and at http://www.sedar.com. Printed copies of the bank's complete 2017 audited financial statements are available free of charge upon request at 416-867-6785 or corp.secretary@bmo.com.

® Registered trademark of Bank of Montreal

Annual Meeting 2018

The next Annual Meeting of Shareholders will be held on Thursday, April 5, 2018, in Toronto, Ontario.

Media Relations Contacts: Paul Gammal, Toronto, paul.gammal@bmo.com, +1-416-867-3996; Investor Relations Contacts: Jill Homenuk, Head, Investor Relations, jill.homenuk@bmo.com, +1-416-867-4770; Christine Viau, Director, Investor Relations, christine.viau@bmo.com , +1-416-867-6956

Original content of: BMO Financial Group, transmitted by news aktuell

Additional press releases: BMO Financial Group

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